skip to main content

I want to...

Current filter:

Key FactsNgā meka whai tikanga

Facts about Napier’s water. There are 481km of piping in the reticulated network. One billion litres pa of water are delivered to residents. Seven bores. Ten reservoirs. 18 pump stations. Napier’s drinking water supply is not fluoridated but has been chlorinated since 2017.

Key Facts

Napier covers an area of 10,560 hectares and, as of 30 June 2017, has a total population of 61,040 people living in 25,429 dwellings.

Supply Areas

All of the urban area has a reticulated water supply. Some properties in Taradale still use their own private well supply, however, the City's reticulated supply is available.

A small number of rural properties adjacent to the urban reticulation system have connections to the urban supply for domestic use.


We use a system called SCADA - Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition - to measure the amount of water we use. These are our consumption figures for the past year: 1 June 2017 to 11 June 2017.

 Total Annual Consumption  10,032,280m³
 Average Daily Consumption  27,486m³ 
 Peak Day Consumption  39,408m³
 Minimum Day Consumption  16,045m³

Source of Water

Seven bores draw water from the artesian aquifer beneath the City and provide all of Napier's water. The aquifer is part of the Heretaunga Plains underground water system that's administered by the Hawke's Bay Regional Council.

The depth of the wells range from approximately 40 to 100 metres, with the diameters ranging from 200 to 300 millimetres. The aquifer has a static head ranging from approximately one to three metres above ground level.

We have supplied Napier residents with water drawn from bores that meet Interim Bore Security Status standards since 1 July 2018. We worked with bore security experts and contractors to attain the required status: the seven NCC supply bores have achieved the criteria required by the Drinking-water Standards for New Zealand 2005 (revised 2008).  

Pump Stations

There are eight booster pump stations servicing the City with a total of 25 pumps.


The City has 481km of mains ranging in diameter from 40 to 450mm. The older areas of the City are reticulated with cast iron, and in some cases steel pipes, although these are gradually being replaced as they become uneconomical to maintain. The newer areas were reticulated with asbestos cement pipes until 1986, after which uPVC was chosen as the preferred material.


  • Ten reservoirs at seven different locations provide approximately 29,757m3 of storage. Enfield reservoir on Hospital Hill, Thompson reservoirs on Bluff Hill and Taradale 1 reservoir are our major reservoirs. We've recently constructed a second reservoir next to the existing Taradale 1 reservoir which has a capacity of 9,200m³. There have been some delays due to construction faults: we anticipate this reservoir will come online in early 2019.  
  • Three small reticulation systems provide water to residents on the hills of Taradale. These systems have small reservoirs and use booster pumps to pump water from the Taradale bores. 
  • Two reservoirs serve the Bay View area. Water is supplied to Bay View using a couple of booster pump stations that draw water from the Napier water supply system.

Water Quality

The Heretaunga Plains aquifer has some of the best water in the North Island and, until recently, did not require treatment. However, a low level E.coli reading in May 2017 saw the Napier water supply chlorinated as a precautionary measure. In July 2017, an independent drinking water assessor revoked the Council's 'secure bore' status, a decision that ensured chlorination had to continue. We then began extensive work on improving the safety of our bores. Prior to these improvements starting, all of our bore heads were below ground. We raised three of the 10 above ground and improved the bore chambers of others. This work was completed in December 2017. 

We carry out daily or alternate day testing on our operating bores, depending on the bore status. We also take regular samples from our reservoirs and pipe network to monitor our supply and ensure it meets the Drinking Water Standards of New Zealand 2008.

Napier has never fluoridated its water supply and there are no plans to.

Water Take Station

In order to reduce the risk of illegal water draws from fire hydrants, a dedicated Water Take Station will be commissioned by June 2019. This will allow all registered contractors to draw water without risk of contaminating the main supply.



Napier City Council - Copyright © 2021 Napier City Council

Disclaimers and Copyright
While every endeavour has been taken by the Napier City Council to ensure that the information on this website is accurate and up to date, Napier City Council shall not be liable for any loss suffered through the use, directly or indirectly, of information on this website. Information contained has been assembled in good faith. Some of the information available in this site is from the New Zealand Public domain and supplied by relevant government agencies. Napier City Council cannot accept any liability for its accuracy or content. Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online graphics and images are protected by copyright, unless specifically notified to the contrary. Externally sourced information or material is copyright to the respective provider.

© Napier City Council - / +64 6 835 7579 /